Soya production, for example, has multiplied fourfold, from 26 million tonnes to 113 million tonnes in the last harvest. Exports grew until the country became the largest exporter of grain and soybeans the main product of the entire Brazilian export tariff. The same movement occurred in corn, cotton, among several others. With the growth of production, together the input markets grew and a whole chain of services, processing and production logistics.
Large agricultural crops, with the exception of livestock, would be collecting R $ 35 billion in ICMS and R $ 40 billion in federal taxes last year.
Mato Grosso, one of the largest exporters of primary goods, has in agribusiness 51% of the ICMS tax collection and 50% of its GDP.
The soybean production chain moves US $ 70 billion / year in Brazil distributed as follows:
11% before the door (with purchase of inputs);
26% inside the gate (in production)
63% with processing (logistics, trade and exports)
Production (Safra 2015/2016):
1st US (103 mi / ton);
2nd Brazil (96.9 mi / ton);
3rd Argentina (57 mi / ton).
Soy is the main product exported by Brazil. Every 100 dollars exported, 14 are soybeans.
Brazil industrializes 42% of soybeans produced and exports more than 70%, considering the equivalent grain exported in derivatives (bran and oil) being half in grain.
Ranking of Brazilian exports (Source Secex / Mdic)
- Soybean – 14.6% (US $ 27,958 mi)
- Transport materials and components – 10.4% (US $ 19.905 million)
- Metallurgical ores – 8.9% (US $ 16,963 million)
- Oil and oil products – 8.6% (US $ 16,519 million)
- Meat – 7.5% (US $ 14,392 million)
- Products of the chemical industries – 7% (US $ 13,449 mi)
- Sugar and alcohol – 4.45% (US $ 8,521 million)
- Pulp and paper – 4% (US $ 7.622 million)
- Machinery, apparatus and mechanical instruments – 3.9% (US $ 7,395 million)